Consult: Dr. Loretta Lanphier, ND, CN, HHP, CH

Acne vulgaris almost everyone will suffer at least once in their lives. Among them, 90% are teenagers, and nearly 25% are adults. Acne vulgaris shows many conditions such as blackheads, whiteheads, shoulder blisters, bumps, and acne on the arm. However, it is not dangerous, it just can cause pain, disfigurement, etc. At the same time, acne causes scars, and makes someone with acne insecure.

Types of Acne

As mentioned above, acne has many types. Different types will have different disadvantages, different severity. For example, blackheads can show up from the common acne to the cysts, which can cause deep scarring. Even if you have acne, you should consult your doctor before proceeding at home.


A comedone is a sebaceous gland that gets clogged with excess oil, dust, small feathers, or bacteria. Has comedone “closed” and comdone “open”. Comedone “open” is an inflamed pore under the skin surface. The top of the “open” comedones are black, so they are called blackheads. The “closed” comdone usually has a white appearance on the head, so it is called whiteheads. Do not pick these pimples, as they are very susceptible to bacterial infections such as staphylococci and streptococci.


A papule is small, hard and above the surface of the skin. When papules and comedones is a group, It may be difficult to see. They can be see easy, but it may be felt very clear.


Pustules are round, inflamed and pus-like. Pus consists of white blood cells, dead skin cells and bacteria. A pustules can infect around the hair follicle, or have a hairpin sprouting inside the nanny. Sometimes the pustules will turn into cysts.


A macule is an existing acne. We are old pink and flat, and easy look. Macules will be lost in the week week or less than.


A nodule looks similar to a papule. But the nodules are often inflamed and deeply inflamed. Nodules can lead to permanent tissue damage and scarring. They also cause pain for the sufferer.


A cyst is the most serious acne. A cyst is filled with pus (white blood cells, dead skin, dirt and bacteria). Cysts are usually nodules, inflamed and painful. Ance cysts usually leave a permanent scar.

What Causes Acne Vulgaris?

There are several common factors that can produce acne vulgaris. Here is an overview of the main causes for acne:


Acne vulgaris usually occurs in adolescents. At this time, the body is changing the hormone of the teenager. The hormones produced during this stage are called androgens. This hormone stimulates the production of oils from the sebaceous glands. When sebaceous glands are secreted too much, causing clog pores. Combined with elements of dirt, unclean hygiene, makeup … will cause inflammation. The secretion of this hormone can last from adolescence to adulthood (only in some cases).

Oil Production

When the oil in the sebaceous glands is secreted, the pores expand. At this point, the dead cells, dirt, bacteria will clog the pores. Over time, it causes inflammation, and swelling beneath the surface of the skin. This cause acne.


On the healthu skin, the bacterium propionibacterium acnes is very common. If the sebaceous gland is blocked and oil is accumulated, it will lead to a bacterial infection which involve to propionibacterium acnes. And result of it is acne blemishes.


The immune system produces a quantity of white blood cells that are resistant to the presence of excess bacteria in the body. The reaction is called chemotaxis. This causes the surrounding tissue to become red, swollen and painful.

About the Author

Loretta Lanphier, ND, CN, HHP, CH is a Doctor of Naturopath, Clinical Nutritionist, Holistic Health Practitioner and Clinical Herbalist in Houston, TX and Founder / CEO of Oasis Advanced Wellness. Under her leadership, Oasis Advanced Wellness is known and respected as one of the leading companies in providing safe and clean hi-tech natural health and wellness solutions. Because of the need for high-end natural and organic skin care products, Dr. Lanphier has developed Lanique Organics, an all-natural skin-care line which promotes natural health for the skin.